The Herodians were a political group that was in some way aligned with King Herod Antipas, who was appointed by the Romans to rule over part of the land of the Jews, from about 4 BC, when his father King Herod the Great had died, to about 39 AD.
The Herodians are mentioned by name in Matthew 22:16, Mark 3:6, and Mark 12:13. In these verses, we are told that the Herodians and Pharisees conspired against Jesus and plotted to have Jesus killed.
Other political groups and community groups that wielded influence about 2000 years ago in the land of Israel included the Sadducees, Sanhedrin and Scribes.
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